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IPS Full Form (Indian Police Service), Salary, Eligibility

Madhavi Gaur September 08, 2023 05:10 9143 0

IPS Full Form : The full form of IPS is Indian Police Service. Learn about its recruitment process, training, and the crucial role IPS officers play in maintaining law and order in India.

IPS Full Form (Indian Police Service), Salary, Eligibility

IPS Full Form

IPS Full Form: The full form of IPS is the Indian Police Service. one of the most prestigious and sought after jobs in India. With a focus on law enforcement and public safety, the Indian Police Service (IPS) is responsible for maintaining law and order across the country. But what is the full form of IPS? In this article, we will decode IPS full form, its meaning in police, and more details about the IPS officer’s role.

IPS Full Form
IPC Full Form in English Indian Police Service
IPC Full Form in Hindi भारतीय पुलिस सेवा
Role Maintaining law and order, Preventing and investigating crimes, and Ensuring public safety and security.
History Evolved from colonial-era police services and  Established in 948.

Indian Police Service

The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All India Services, along with the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS). It is responsible for maintaining law and order, preventing and investigating crimes, and ensuring the safety and security of citizens in India. IPS officers are recruited through the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

IPS officers play a crucial role in various law enforcement agencies at the state and central levels, including state police forces, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), the Border Security Force (BSF), the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), and others. They have the authority to lead and manage police operations, conduct investigations, and enforce laws to maintain peace and order.

The IPS is a prestigious and challenging career in India, and IPS officers often hold key positions in the police and security apparatus of the country. They undergo rigorous training at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) in Hyderabad to prepare for their roles in maintaining law and order, preventing and solving crimes, and ensuring public safety.

History for IPS

The history of the Indian Police Service (IPS) is closely tied to the colonial history of India and the evolution of policing in the country. Here’s a brief overview of the historical development of the IPS:

1. Colonial Origins: The roots of the IPS can be traced back to the British colonial period in India. The British established various law enforcement agencies to maintain control over their Indian territories. These included the Bengal Police (established in 1861), the Bombay Police (established in 1669), and the Madras Police (established in 1780).

2. The Indian Police Act of 1861: The Indian Police Service finds its early legislative framework in the Indian Police Act of 1861. This act laid the foundation for the modern police system in India and established the structure and roles of the police.

3. Post-Independence Restructuring: After India gained independence in 1947, there was a need to reorganize and modernize the police services. This led to the formation of the Indian Police Service (IPS) in its current form in 1948, as a successor to the colonial Indian Police.

4. Recruitment and Training: The IPS officers are recruited through the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Once selected, they undergo rigorous training at institutions like the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) in Hyderabad to prepare them for their roles as law enforcement officers.

5. Role and Function: The IPS plays a crucial role in maintaining law and order, preventing and investigating crimes, and ensuring the safety and security of citizens. IPS officers serve in various capacities within state and central police organizations, as well as in specialized agencies like the CBI, BSF, and CRPF.

6. Challenges and Reforms: The IPS has faced various challenges over the years, including issues related to police reforms, modernization, and the need for better training and equipment. Efforts have been made to address these challenges and improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the police service in India.

Eligibility Criteria for an IPS Officer

To become an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer in India, you need to meet certain eligibility criteria and successfully clear the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Here are the key eligibility criteria:

1. Nationality:

  • You must be a citizen of India.

2. Age Limit:

  • You must be between 21 and 32 years of age as of August 1st of the year of examination. There are age relaxations for candidates from certain categories:
  • OBC (Other Backward Classes): Up to 3 years of relaxation.
  • SC/ST (Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes): Up to 5 years of relaxation.
  • Ex-servicemen: Up to 5 years of relaxation.
  • Jammu and Kashmir domiciled candidates: Up to 5 years of relaxation.
  • Defense Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with foreign countries or in a disturbed area: Up to 3 years of relaxation.
  • Disabled candidates (blind, deaf-mute, and orthopedically handicapped): Up to 10 years of relaxation.

3. Educational Qualification:

  • You must have at least a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university. There is no specific requirement regarding the field of study.

4. Number of Attempts:

  • General category candidates can attempt the UPSC Civil Services Examination up to 6 times.
  • OBC candidates can attempt up to 9 times.
  • SC/ST candidates can attempt an unlimited number of times within the prescribed age limits.
  • The number of attempts is counted from the year of the first attempt.

5. Physical Fitness:

  • You should meet the prescribed physical standards as set by the UPSC and the Ministry of Home Affairs. This includes parameters like height, chest girth, vision standards, and physical fitness.

6. Other Conditions:

  • You should not have been convicted of any criminal offense or dismissed from government service.
  • You must be mentally and physically fit for the rigorous training and duties associated with the IPS.

7. Nationality:

  • For candidates from Nepal or Bhutan, there are certain additional requirements related to nationality and eligibility.

Roles of an IPS Officer

IPS (Indian Police Service) officer in India has several important roles and responsibilities within the law enforcement and administrative system. Here are some of the key roles of an IPS officer:

  • Maintain peace and order: IPS officers are tasked with the responsibility of maintaining peace and order by controlling and preventing crimes.
  • Border services: IPS officers are often assigned to maintain peace and security at the nation’s borders.
  • Railway policing: IPS officers may serve within the Indian Railway system, ensuring safety and security for passengers and rail infrastructure.
  • VIP security: IPS officers are entrusted with the duty of providing security for important individuals and events.
  • Investigation: They lead and oversee investigations, collecting crucial data to enhance safety and security.
  • Leadership roles: IPS officers can lead and command critical agencies such as the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), and Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) across the country.
  • Integrity and harmony: One of the fundamental roles of an IPS officer is to uphold integrity and promote harmony in the areas they serve.
  • Policymaking: IPS officers may also serve as Heads of Departments (HODs) in policymaking for various government departments and ministries.

These roles and responsibilities reflect the diverse and vital functions that IPS officers perform to ensure the safety, security, and well-being of the nation and its citizens.

Recruitment & Training of an IPS

Recruitment and training of an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer in India is a rigorous and competitive process. Here’s an overview of how individuals are recruited and trained to become IPS officers:

Recruitment Process:

1. Eligibility Criteria: As mentioned earlier, candidates interested in becoming IPS officers must meet the eligibility criteria, including age, educational qualifications, and physical fitness.

2. Civil Services Examination (CSE): The primary method of recruitment for the IPS is through the Civil Services Examination (CSE) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on an annual basis. The CSE consists of three stages:

  • Preliminary Examination: This is an objective-type exam that tests general knowledge and aptitude. It serves as a screening test to shortlist candidates for the Main Examination.
  • Main Examination: The Main Examination consists of nine papers, including essay writing and optional subjects. It assesses a candidate’s in-depth knowledge and writing skills.
  • Interview (Personality Test): Shortlisted candidates are invited for a personal interview, during which a panel of experts evaluates their suitability for the civil services.

3. Choice of Services: Candidates who clear the CSE are allocated various civil services based on their rank and preference. Those who choose the IPS and are allotted the service are considered IPS probationers.

Training Process:

Once selected as IPS probationers, candidates undergo comprehensive training at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) in Hyderabad. The training program is designed to equip them with the knowledge, skills, and values necessary for effective policing. Here’s an overview of the training process:

1. Foundation Course: IPS probationers undergo a common foundation course along with other civil service probationers at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) in Mussoorie. This course provides a broad understanding of governance, public administration, and various government policies.

2. Professional Training at SVPNPA: After the foundation course, IPS probationers proceed to SVPNPA in Hyderabad for their specialized training. The training at SVPNPA includes:

  • Academic Training: This phase covers various subjects such as Indian Penal Code, Criminal Procedure Code, evidence law, and police administration.
  • Field Training: Probationers are exposed to real-world policing through field visits, attachments with police units, and practical exercises.
  • Physical Fitness Training: Physical fitness is emphasized to ensure that probationers meet the required standards.

3. Practical Training: After completing the training at SVPNPA, probationers are posted to various field assignments in different states and regions to gain practical experience in policing. This period is known as the “on-the-job training” phase.

4. Confirmation: Upon successful completion of the training period and the probationary period, probationers are confirmed as IPS officers.

IPS Duties

The IPS is responsible for administration in the country, and an IPS officer is posted as the Superintendent of Police (SP) and is among the most influential persons in a district. Both, IPS and IAS officers work together and coordinate for better administration in the country.

Top Post for an IPS Officer

(IPS Full Form) Indian Police Service (IPS) has a hierarchical structure, and officers progress through various ranks during their career. The highest rank in the IPS is the Director General of Police (DGP), who is the head of the state police force or a senior officer in a specialized agency. Below are some of the top posts or ranks that an IPS officer can aspire to attain in their career:

1. Director General of Police (DGP): The DGP is the highest-ranking officer in a state police force. They are responsible for the overall administration and functioning of the police force in the state. DGPs can also serve at the national level in agencies like the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) or the Border Security Force (BSF).

2. Additional Director General of Police (ADGP): This is a senior rank in the state police force. ADGPs often head specialized branches or units within the police department.

3. Inspector General of Police (IGP): IGPs are responsible for the administration of a range of police districts or divisions within a state. They may oversee law enforcement, crime prevention, and other operational aspects.

4. Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG): DIGs play a significant role in managing law and order within specific zones or regions. They also assist senior officers in various administrative tasks.

5. Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) / Superintendent of Police (SP): These officers are in charge of districts or urban areas. Their responsibilities include maintaining law and order, crime prevention, and administrative duties.

6. Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP): DSPs typically start their career as entry-level officers and can rise through the ranks to become senior officers with experience and performance.

7. Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP): This is the entry-level rank for IPS officers after completing their training. ASPs usually serve as probationary officers and then progress in their careers.

8. Additional Director / Special Commissioner / Commissioner of Police: In metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Kolkata, these officers head the city police departments and hold ranks equivalent to DGPs.

9. Inspector: While not at the top of the hierarchy, inspectors play a crucial role in conducting investigations, maintaining law and order, and supervising subordinates.

IPS Salary Structure

Indian Police Service (IPS) officers in India is governed by the 7th Central Pay Commission. The salary of an IPS officer is determined based on their rank, experience, and the level of responsibility. Here’s a general overview of the salary structure for IPS officers:

Basic Pay Designation
Deputy Superintendent of Police 56,100 INR
Additional Superintendent of Police 67,700 INR
Senior Superintendent of Police 78,800.00 INR
Deputy Inspector General of Police 1,31,100.00 INR
Inspector-General of Police 1,44,200.00 INR
Additional Director General of Police 2,05,400.00 INR
Director-General of Police 2,25,000.00 INR

IPS Full Form in Hindi

आईपीएस का पूरा नाम भारतीय पुलिस सेवा है। यह आईएएस और आईएफओएस के साथ-साथ अखिल भारतीय सेवाओं की एक महत्वपूर्ण शाखा है। इसकी स्थापना 1948 में भारतीय शाही पुलिस के स्थान पर की गई थी।

आईपीएस अधिकारी गृह मंत्रालय के तहत काम करते हैं और नागरिकों की सुरक्षा सुनिश्चित करते हुए कानून और व्यवस्था बनाए रखने में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाते हैं। वे विभिन्न पुलिस बलों, जैसे राज्यों, केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों (यूटी), केंद्रीय सशस्त्र पुलिस बल (सीएपीएफ), राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षा गार्ड और अन्य को नेतृत्व भी प्रदान करते हैं।

IPS Full Form FAQs

The full form of IPS is Indian Police Service.

Both IAS and IPS hold different positions and responsibilities in the government. Hence, it is not fair to compare which one is bigger or better.

The job salary of IPS officers varies depending upon their rank and experience. However, as per the 7th pay commission, the basic salary of an IPS officer starts from Rs. 56,100 per month.

IPS stands for Indian Police Service, and IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service.

Both IAS and IPS officers hold significant power and responsibilities in the government. However, each service has different areas of specialization, and their power and roles also differ. Hence, it is not right to compare the power of IAS and IPS.

Higher ranks than IPS are Director-General of Police (DGP), Commissioner of Police (COP), and Special Director-General of Police (SDGP).

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     Udaan-Prelims Wallah ( Static ) booklets 2024 released both in english and hindi : Download from Here!  PWOnlyIAS is NOW at three new locations Mukherjee Nagar ,Lucknow and Patna , Explore all centers     Download UPSC Mains 2023 Question Papers PDF  Free Initiative links -1) Download Prahaar 3.0 for Mains Current Affairs PDF both in English and Hindi 2) Daily Main Answer Writing  , 3) Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis and quiz ,  4) PDF Downloads  UPSC 2022 Final Result🔥5 out of Top 10 from PW OnlyIAS Community. UPSC Prelims 2023 Trend Analysis cut-off and answer key

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