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UPSC Syllabus 2024 For Prelims, Mains and Interview | Download PDF

UPSC Civil Services exam consists of three stages: Prelims, Mains, and Interview. Click to download upsc syllabus pdf, here.

The UPSC Civil Services Examination is both a prestigious and very competitive exam within the nation. Every year, a large number of candidates submit their applications, but only a select few get successful through the final selection process. This exam becomes competitive due to its challenging difficulty level and the extensive coverage of the syllabus.

UPSC Civil Services exam consists of three stages: 

Each stage of the UPSC CSE exam has a different syllabus. Let us see the syllabus of each stage separately. 

UPSC Syllabus 2024: Civil Services Exam Syllabus Analysis

The UPSC releases the Syllabus every year, along with the UPSC Notification for the upcoming exam, such as the UPSC Notification 2024 PDF which will be made available soon for the UPSC Exam 2024. The UPSC Syllabus serves as a comprehensive document that outlines the coverage areas and topics for the UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE).

Candidates preparing for the UPSC CSE should refer to the official syllabus released by the UPSC to better understand the subjects, areas of focus, and specific topics they need to prepare for the examination. Familiarity with the syllabus is essential for effective and targeted preparation to succeed in this highly competitive examination.

Syllabus Of UPSC: Download PDF

The official UPSC Syllabus PDF will be released on the official website Familiarity with the UPSC IAS syllabus is crucial for success in the civil service exams. All successful IAS exam toppers have one thing in common: they take the syllabus seriously. The UPSC IAS examination syllabus varies at different stages. The UPSC examines various qualities and aspects of the candidates to select the right candidates from the large pool of applicants for the prestigious services.

UPSC Syllabus Download Pdf

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

The UPSC CSE Prelims is divided into two papers: General Studies I and CSAT. The CSAT paper is of a qualifying nature, meaning you need to secure the minimum passing marks to move on to the next stage. However, your score in the General Studies Paper I will be crucial as it determines whether you qualify for the UPSC Mains.

UPSC Syllabus and Exam Pattern for Prelims

Particulars Details
Two Compulsory Papers General Studies Paper-I
General Studies Paper-II (CSAT)
Number of Questions asked in GS Paper-I 100 Questions
Number of Questions asked in CSAT 80 Questions and is Qualifying in nature
Total Number of Marks GS Paper-I – 200 Marks

CSAT – 200 Marks

Negative Marking 1/3 of the total marks allotted to the question will be deducted for every wrong answer
Time Allotted Two hours each;

  • GS Paper-I – 2 Hours (9:30 AM -11:30 AM)
  • CSAT – 2 Hours (2:30 PM – 4:30 PM)

UPSC Syllabus 2024: For UPSC Prelims Syllabus

The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) Prelims exam has two papers namely General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II each paper carrying 200 marks. These papers comprise multiple-choice, objective-type questions. It’s important to note that the marks obtained in the preliminary examination will not be considered for the final ranking; their purpose is to qualify candidates for the main examination.

UPSC Syllabus 2024: General Studies 1 (GS-I)

The General Studies 1 of the UPSC Prelims Syllabus covers various important subjects such as History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment and Ecology, Science and Technology, General Science, and Current Affairs-based events. The UPSC has categorized the syllabus for the General Studies Prelims Paper 1 into specific broad categories.

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science

UPSC Prelims 2024 Syllabus: CSAT Syllabus For Prelims (GS-II)

General Studies 2 of the UPSC CSE is commonly known as the CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) Paper. It became a mandatory qualifying paper for all candidates starting in 2011. This paper is a crucial part of the UPSC CSE Prelims exam and aims to evaluate the candidate’s aptitude, analytical skills, and reasoning ability. To pass this paper, every candidate must obtain at least 33% of the total marks (66 marks out of 200).

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level)

UPSC Syllabus 2024 For Mains

The UPSC Mains Syllabus comprises nine papers, but only seven of them are considered for the final merit ranking. For the remaining two papers, candidates must secure the minimum marks specified by the UPSC each year to be eligible for the final ranking.

UPSC Syllabus

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In the UPSC Civil Service Exam, a candidate’s rank is determined solely by the marks obtained in the Main Exam and the Interview. The Main Exam carries a total of 1750 marks, while the Interview holds 275 marks.

UPSC General Studies Mains Syllabus

Once candidates clear the UPSC prelims, they become eligible to appear for the mains examination. These four papers cover a wide range of topics, including History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment, Science, and Current Affairs, among others. It is essential for candidates to thoroughly prepare for these papers to improve their chances of success in the UPSC CSE.

To gain a better understanding of the General Studies paper for the mains, refer to the table below.

UPSC General Studies Mains Syllabus

General Studies Paper Topics Covered
Paper A Any Indian Language (compulsory) – qualifying paper
Paper B Essay (Candidate can choose to write it in a medium of your choice)
Paper 2 – General Studies I General Studies Paper I consists mainly of History and Geography of the World and Society, Indian Heritage and Culture. This paper mainly revolves around History, Geography and Society.
Paper 3 – General Studies II General Studies Paper II consists mainly of Polity, Constitution, Governance, Social Justice and International relations.
Paper 4 – General Studies  III General Studies Paper III consists mainly of Economic Development, Technology, Environment, Biodiversity, Security and Disaster Management.
Paper 5 – General Studies  IV General Studies Paper IV consists mainly of Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude.
Paper 6- Optional Paper I Optional Subject 
Paper 7- Optional Paper II Optional Subject

UPSC Mains Syllabus 2024: For Qualifying Papers

The aim of these papers is to assess a candidate’s ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and to express ideas clearly and precisely in both Indian and English languages. However, the marks obtained in these papers will not be considered for ranking. These papers are of a qualifying nature, meaning candidates need to secure a minimum of 25% marks in each paper to pass.

UPSC Syllabus For Indian Language

The UPSC Mains Indian Language Paper covers various important topics, including:

  1. Comprehension of given passages.
  2. Precis Writing.
  3. Usage and Vocabulary.
  4. Short Essays.
  5. Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

Candidates have the option to choose any of the Indian Languages listed in the provided table for this paper. The paper assesses their language skills, comprehension, and ability to express ideas effectively in the chosen Indian language.

UPSC Syllabus For Indian Language

Language Script
Assamese Assamese
Bengali Bengali
Gujarati Gujarati
Hindi Devanagari
Kannada Kannada
Kashmiri Persian
Konkani Devanagari
Malayalam Malayalam
Manipuri Bengali
Marathi Devanagari
Nepali Devanagari
Odia Odia
Punjabi Gurmukhi
Sanskrit Devanagari
Sindhi Devanagari or Arabic
Tamil Tamil
Telugu Telugu
Urdu Persian
Bodo Devanagari
Dogri Devanagari
Maithili Devanagari
Santhali Devanagari or Olchiki*
Note: The question paper for the Santhali language will be printed in Devanagari script, however, candidates are free to answer in Olchiki or Devanagari.

UPSC Syllabus For English Language

The UPSC Mains English Paper serves as a qualifying paper that includes the following main components:

  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Precis Writing.
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essays.

Candidates must clear this paper to meet the qualifying criteria. It assesses their language comprehension, writing skills, and vocabulary usage in English. However, the marks obtained in this paper do not contribute to the final ranking; its purpose is to ensure candidates have a satisfactory command of the English language.

UPSC Syllabus: Mains Essay Syllabus

The UPSC Essay Paper is divided into two sections, each containing four topics. For each essay written, candidates can earn a score out of 125, with a total of 250 marks available for both sections combined.

In the UPSC Civil Service Exam, candidates will be required to write essays on a variety of topics. The essays should be concise and directly address the given topic. Candidates should also organize their thoughts effectively. The essay paper offers an opportunity for candidates to score well and boost their overall rank with careful preparation.

Also Check: SSC CHSL Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus 2024: Syllabus For Mains Examination (General Studies)

UPSC Mains General Studies I Syllabus

The UPSC General Studies Paper I Syllabus deals with important subjects such as History, Heritage, Geography, and the Culture of the World and Society. This paper is designed to assess candidates’ knowledge and understanding of these diverse topics.

  • Indian Culture: It covers the salient features of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient times to modern times.
  • Modern Indian History: It includes significant events, personalities, and issues from the middle of the 18th century until the present.
  • In The Freedom Struggle, Various stages and important contributors and contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Consolidation and Reorganisation of the country after independence.
  • Events from the 18th century will be included in the history of the world, such as the industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national borders, colonisation, and decolonization, as well as political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, and others—their manifestations and social effects.
  • Important characteristics of Indian society and India’s diversity.
  • The role of women and the organisation of women, population and related issues, poverty and developmental challenges, urbanisation, related issues, and solutions.
  • The social effects of globalisation in India.
  • Communalism, Regionalism, Secularism, and Social Empowerment.
    Important physical geography characteristics of the world.
  • Distribution of major natural resources worldwide (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); determinants of where primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries are located globally (including India).
  • Critical geographic features and their location-changes in flora and fauna, as well as in water bodies and ice caps and the impact of such changes.
  • Important geophysical phenomena include earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic activity, cyclones, etc.

UPSC Mains General Studies II Syllabus

The UPSC Mains Syllabus for General Studies II Paper includes essential subjects like Polity, Governance, Constitution, Social Justice, and Interrelations. This paper is designed to evaluate candidates’ understanding of these significant topics.

Governance, Polity, Constitution, Social Justice and International Relations:

  • The basic structures, features, modifications, major provisions, and historical context of the Indian Constitution.
  • Functions and duties of the Union and the States, problems and difficulties with the federal system, and obstacles with the devolution of authority and resources to local levels.
  • Power separation between multiple organs, conflict resolution procedures, and institutions.
  • Comparing the Indian constitutional design to other countries’ systems
    Structure, administration, business practises, powers, and privileges of the Parliament and State Legislatures, as well as challenges resulting from these.
  • Governmental Ministries and Departments; Pressure Group organisations and formal/informal associations; and their purpose in the Polity.
  • Structure, organisation, and operation of the Executive and the Judiciary.
    The Representation of People’s Act’s key characteristics.
  • Appointment to several constitutional Bodies, as well as their respective duties and responsibilities.
  • Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial agencies; Government interventions for development in many sectors; Problems resulting from the planning and execution of these interventions.
  • The role of NGOs, SHGs, diverse groups and associations, funders, charities, institutional, and other stakeholders in development processes and the development industry.
  • Welfare programmes put in place by the federal government and individual states for the population’s most vulnerable groups, as well as the effectiveness of these programmes; institutions, laws, and other organisations created to safeguard and improve the lives of these vulnerable groups.
  • Issues pertaining to the growth and administration of the social sector and services in the fields of health, education, and human resources.
  • Hunger and poverty-related issues.
  • Transparency and accountability are crucial components of governance, as are e-governance applications, models, accomplishments, limitations, and possibilities; citizens’ charters, transparency & accountability, and institutional and other measurements.
  • The function of the civil service in a democracy
  • India’s relationship with its neighbours.
  • Groupings and agreements at the bilateral, regional, and international levels involving or impacting India and/or its interests.
  • Effect of developed and developing countries’ policies and politics on India’s interests and the Indian diaspora.
  • Important international organisations, agencies, and forums: their makeup and objectives.

UPSC Mains General Studies III Syllabus

The UPSC Mains General Studies III Syllabus covers a wide range of subjects, including Science, Technology, Economics, Defense, Disaster Management, and Nature. In the Science and Technology segment, candidates are expected to have knowledge of recent advancements, innovations, and their impact on society.

Economic Development, Technology, Environment, Bio-diversity, Security and Disaster Management:

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.

UPSC Mains General Studies IV  Syllabus

The UPSC Mains Syllabus For GS Paper 4 includes topics Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude paper in UPSC Mains aims to evaluate the candidate’s values, ethical standards, and problem-solving abilities in various situations. It focuses on assessing how candidates handle integrity and probity in public life and deal with challenges and disputes in society. The paper often uses a case study approach to test these elements comprehensively.

  • Ethics and Human Interaction- Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: Content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion. 
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Optional Subjects List: UPSC Syllabus PDF Download 2024

UPSC Syllabus Optional Subjects List: In the UPSC Syllabus, Papers 6 and 7 consist of optional subject papers, and these are compulsory for candidates. These papers offer an opportunity for candidates to score well, as they usually cover subjects that align with their graduation or areas of interest.

Each optional subject has its own detailed syllabus, which candidates should carefully review before making their selection. Several factors, like the subject’s syllabus, available resources for preparation, and the time required for studying, should be considered when choosing the best optional subject for the UPSC Mains exam.

UPSC Optional Subjects List

UPSC Agriculture Syllabus UPSC Law Syllabus
UPSC Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Syllabus UPSC Management Syllabus
UPSC Anthropology Syllabus UPSC Mathematics Syllabus
UPSC Botany Syllabus UPSC Mechanical Engineering Syllabus
UPSC Chemistry Syllabus UPSC Medical Science Syllabus
UPSC Civil Engineering Syllabus UPSC Philosophy Syllabus
UPSC Commerce and Accountancy Syllabus UPSC Physics Syllabus
UPSC Economics Syllabus UPSC PSIR Syllabus
UPSC Electrical Engineering Syllabus UPSC Psychology Syllabus
UPSC Geography Syllabus UPSC Public Administration Syllabus
UPSC Geology Syllabus UPSC Sociology Syllabus
UPSC History Syllabus UPSC Statistics Syllabus
UPSC Zoology Syllabus

Literature of any one of the Following Languages

Assamese Literature Syllabus Marathi Literature Syllabus
Bodo Literature Syllabus Odia Literature Syllabus
Bengali Literature Syllabus Nepali Literature Syllabus
Dogri Literature Syllabus Sanskrit Literature Syllabus
Gujarati Literature Syllabus Punjabi Literature Syllabus
Hindi Literature Syllabus Sindhi Literature Syllabus
Kashmiri Literature Syllabus Santhali Literature Syllabus
Kannada Literature Syllabus Tamil Literature Syllabus
Malayalam Literature Syllabus Telugu Literature Syllabus
Konkani Literature Syllabus English Literature Syllabus
Manipuri Literature Syllabus Urdu Literature Syllabus
Maithili Literature Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus For Interview

The UPSC Interview, also known as the Personality Test, is the final stage of the examination. Unlike the earlier stages, there is no specific syllabus for the interview. The questions asked cover a wide range of issues.

Candidates who pass the UPSC Mains Exam will be called for the Personality Test or interview, conducted by a board appointed by the UPSC. The main objective of this interview is to assess the candidate’s suitability for a career in civil services, and it is conducted by a group of unbiased observers.

The interview is more like a purposeful conversation designed to explore the candidate’s mental qualities and analytical abilities. It is not a standard question-answer session but a chance to understand the candidate’s overall personality.

  • The Interview test carries 275 marks, while the total marks for the written examination are 1750, making the Grand Total of 2025 Marks. This total determines the final merit list.

Candidates should note that the UPSC Syllabus for 2023 remains the same as that of 2022 and 2021; there are no changes in the syllabus.


  • Understanding strengths and weaknesses: The UPSC provides a detailed syllabus in the official notification, allowing candidates to assess their familiarity with subjects and identify their strengths and weaknesses.
  • Help in preparing a study plan: With the syllabus as a guide, candidates can easily create a study plan and timetable. This approach ensures equal time is dedicated to each subject, enabling comprehensive coverage of all topics.
  • Wise selection of optional subjects: Reviewing the list of optional subjects helps candidates choose the most suitable one based on their strengths and preferences.
UPSC Related Links
UPSC Exam UPSC Cut off
UPSC Age Limit IAS Full Form
UPSC Topper UPSC Exam Centre


UPSC Syllabus 2024 FAQs

The UPSC CSE exam covers several main subjects, such as History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment and Ecology, Science and Technology, and Current Affairs.

The UPSC Mains syllabus includes nine papers - Essay, General Studies I to IV, Optional Paper I and II, and two language papers (English and Indian Language). The General Studies papers cover topics such as Indian heritage and culture, governance, international relations, social justice, technology, and economic development. The Optional Paper covers a subject of the candidate's choice, and the Essay paper evaluates the candidate's writing skills.

To prepare for the UPSC interview, candidates should be well-versed with current affairs, both national and international. They should also have a good understanding of government policies and programs, and their implications on various sectors. Candidates should also be familiar with India's social, economic, and political issues and be able to express their opinions clearly and coherently. Candidates can also practice mock interviews and seek guidance from experienced civil servants.

Yes, there is a negative marking scheme in the UPSC exam. For every incorrect answer, one-third of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as a penalty. However, there is no negative marking for unanswered questions.

The UPSC CSE mains exam consists of 7 papers that contribute to the final merit. These include the Essay paper, General Studies papers I, II, III, IV, and Optional papers 1 and 2.

To be eligible for this opportunity, candidates should be at least 21 years old and younger than 32 years old by August 1, 2024.

Yes, NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) books are essential but not sufficient to crack the UPSC exam. While they provide a solid foundation, aspirants should also refer to additional study materials, current affairs, standard reference books, and practice mock tests for comprehensive preparation to excel in the UPSC exam.

 Final Result – CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION, 2023.   Udaan-Prelims Wallah ( Static ) booklets 2024 released both in english and hindi : Download from Here!     Download UPSC Mains 2023 Question Papers PDF  Free Initiative links -1) Download Prahaar 3.0 for Mains Current Affairs PDF both in English and Hindi 2) Daily Main Answer Writing  , 3) Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis and quiz ,  4) PDF Downloads  UPSC Prelims 2023 Trend Analysis cut-off and answer key


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 Final Result – CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION, 2023.   Udaan-Prelims Wallah ( Static ) booklets 2024 released both in english and hindi : Download from Here!     Download UPSC Mains 2023 Question Papers PDF  Free Initiative links -1) Download Prahaar 3.0 for Mains Current Affairs PDF both in English and Hindi 2) Daily Main Answer Writing  , 3) Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis and quiz ,  4) PDF Downloads  UPSC Prelims 2023 Trend Analysis cut-off and answer key

Quick Revise Now !
Comprehensive coverage with a concise format
Integration of PYQ within the booklet
Designed as per recent trends of Prelims questions
हिंदी में भी उपलब्ध
Quick Revise Now !
Comprehensive coverage with a concise format
Integration of PYQ within the booklet
Designed as per recent trends of Prelims questions
हिंदी में भी उपलब्ध

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